Défenseur-ses des droits humains
Des gens ordinaires qui, au prix de risques personnels considérables, travaillent pour défendre les droits de leurs communautés
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Front Line Defenders travaille pour protéger les défenseur-ses des droits humains, nos héros du quotidien.
HRD Spotlight: Sikhosiphi Rhadebe, S. Africa
On 22 March 2016, Sikhosiphi Rhadebe was shot dead outside his house by unidentified assailants purporting to be police officers. Less than two hours before his death, Rhadebe called fellow committee member Nonhle Mbuthuma to check on her safety, telling her there was a “hit list” that included both of them and felllow HRD Mzamo Dlamini.
For the past several years, members of ACC with the help of local residents have resisted attempts by Mineral Commodities Ltd (MRC), an Australian-owned mining company, and its local subsidiary TEM, to access the titanium-rich Xolobeni coastal dunes. They believe the mining venture will lead to forced removal from their land and threaten their livelihoods. They assert the community's right to determine the area's future and promote the area's eco-tourism potential instead. More than 100 civil society organisations from across the country have called for the suspension of all mining permits in the area pending an outcome of the probe into Rhadebe’s murder.
On 5 May, solidarity supporters of the Amadiba Crisis Committee and the Xolobeni Community will protest outside the offices of Telereal Trillium, whose CEO is a major shareholder in Australian-based Mineral Commodities Limited (MRC). If you are in London, click here for more information about the protest.
Sikhosiphi Rhadebe was the chairperson of Amadiba Crisis Committee (ACC), an advocacy group launched in 2007 to campaign for the rights of the residents of the Xolobeni Community in Eastern Cape, South Africa. He was at the forefront of a campaign opposing open-cast mining of titanium in the Xolobeni area by Mineral Commodities Ltd (MRC), an Australian-owned mining company.
"After one year of threats and attacks, we have been waiting for something like this to happen."
- Nonhle Mbuthuma, Amadiba Crisis Committee
Professor Jan Sokol
Dictatorship to Democracy:
The Role of Human Rights Defenders