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20 November 2020

On 13 July 2020, the Garrison Military Court of Beni-Butembo sentenced a police officer to life imprisonment for the killing of human rights defender Frédéric-Marcus Kambale. The police officer and the State of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were found civilly co-responsible for the killing and are required to pay compensation amounting to $100,000 (€84,484) to the victim's family.

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21 October 2020

On the night of 13 October 2020, two unknown men entered the home of human rights defender Arnold Joaquín Morazán Erazo in the municipality of Tocoa, Colón and shot the defender to death. Morazán Erazo was one of the 32 defenders and other individuals in Tocoa who have been criminalised for their involvement in a community camp set up to defend of the Guapinol River.
 

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8 May 2020

On 1 May 2020, human rights defender and leader of the Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) Arif Wazir, was shot by unidentified gunmen. The attack took place near his home in Wanna, South Waziristan in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. The human rights defender was rushed to hospital, but succumbed to his injuries the following day on 2 May 2020. Prior to the shooting, on 17 April 2020, Arif Wazir was arrested by police in Wanna on account of a speech he made during a visit to Afghanistan, which was considered ‘anti-national’.

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22 October 2020

On 14 October 2020, environmental human rights defender Miguel Guimaraes received a death threat via a WhatsApp message. The threatening message arrived only one week after Guimaraes participated in a virtual public hearing with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), which focused on killings of indigenous defenders and corruption.

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28 September 2020

On 24 September 2020, human rights lawyer Babar Qadri, was shot by unidentified gunmen outside his home in Hawal, Srinagar. The human rights defender was rushed to hospital, but was pronounced dead on arrival. Three days prior to the shooting, on 21 September 2020, Babar Qadri tweeted about a possible threat to his life.

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29 May 2020

On 28 May 2020, human rights defender Ibrahim Ebrat succumbed to his injuries after he was shot by unknown assailants on 20 May 2020 while on his way home after his Ramadan prayers.

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8 May 2020

On 23 April 2020, the body of disappeared human rights defender and journalist Sajid Hussain was recovered from a river in Uppsala, Sweden. Sajid Hussain, a Pakistani journalist and Baloch rights activist, had sought refuge in Sweden as he was compelled to leave Pakistan in 2012 due to threats to his life. On 2 March 2020, the human rights defender went missing, after he was last seen boarding a train from Stockholm to Uppsala. His body was found nearly two months later.

 

Violations 
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22 October 2020

On 14 October 2020, environmental human rights defender Miguel Guimaraes received a death threat via a WhatsApp message. The threatening message arrived only one week after Guimaraes participated in a virtual public hearing with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), which focused on killings of indigenous defenders and corruption.

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31 March 2016

Approximately three weeks since he was last seen on, 5 March 2016, the whereabouts of human rights defender Mr Fidencio Gómez Sántiz remain unknown. He was last seen leaving his family in Ocosingo, Chiapas. The prominent local human rights organisations Comité Cerezo believes that  Fidencio Gómez Sántiz's disappearance may have been carried out with the participation or acquiescence of Mexican law enforcement agents in what would constitute an enforced disappearance.

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1 October 2020

On 25 September 2020, environmental rights defenders of the Khao Lao Yai-Pha Jun Dai forest conservation group were able to successfully reclaim land from a mining project in the Nongbua Lamphu Province. The project had long been impacting the health and environment of the community. This struggle against the mining project, that has lasted over two decades has come with numerous death threats and killings of members of the group. Most recently, since early August 2020, there have been increasing death threats against one of the group’s advisors, Lertsak Kumkongsak.

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20 March 2020

On 14 March 2020, the Supreme Public Prosecution lifted all precautionary measures imposed on woman human rights defender Amal Fathy.

On 10 February 2019, Cairo Criminal Court modified Amal Fathy’s probation to allow her to leave her home.

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14 April 2020

On 12 April 2020, human rights defender Hafez Omar was released from Ofer prison having completed a 13 month imprisonment sentence.

On 26 February 2020, the Ofer Military Court sentenced human rights defender Hafez Omar to 13 months imprisonment and a fine of 2000 NIS (approximately 520 Euros).

On 22 January 2020, Ofer Military Court extended the detention of human rights defender Hafez Omar until 26 February 2020.

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10 February 2020

On 6 February 2020, a group of unknown individuals violently attacked lawyer Marina Dubrovina and journalist Elena Milashina in the lobby of the Continent hotel in Grozny, Chechnya. The human rights defenders were in Grozny for the court hearing of Islam Nukhanov.

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19 June 2017

On 13 June 2017, Manikganj Judge, Mahbubur Rahman, filed a case under section 57 of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Act against human rights defender, Golam Mujtaba Dhruba, for an article he published on 11 June 2017. The article reported on an argument which took place between court employees and a local family after a truck, rented by Judge Mahbubur in order to move his belongings, obstructed the road and prevented the family from driving their sick child to hospital.

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5 January 2017

On 3 January 2017, the seven human rights defenders of the Telangana Democratic Front (TDF) fact finding team were denied bail by a district court in Dantewada, South Chhattisgarh. The seven human rights defenders were arrested by the Chhattisgarh police on 25 December 2016 and charged on 26 December 2016 under the Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act for allegedly possessing banned currency notes and Maoist literature.

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