Onur Hamzaoğlu is a professor of public health, who was dismissed from his position in Kocaeli University in 2016 by an emergency decree. He is an active member of the Turkish Medical Association that advocates for health professionals’ and patients’ rights in Turkey. The Association also supports the full democratization of Turkey. Onur Hamzaoğlu drew public attention following his research throughout the 2000s on the severe health implications of industrial pollution in Dilovasi, Kocaeli and was subjected to disciplinary action by his university for “inducing panic in the public by disseminating false information on cancer”. He is also a member of Academics for Peace and signed the 2016 peace petition “We will not be a party to this crime!”.