Mohammed Zubair is a human rights defender and the co-founder of fact-checking website Alt News aimed at combatting fake news and misinformation. Zubair has spoken out against hate speech and divisive propaganda especially targetting minority communities. In June 2022, he was instrumental in exposing the hate speech by former ruling party spokesperson Nupur Sharma which resulted in public and international outcry. The BJP has since sought to distance itself from the said officials, especially in response to international condemnation. Zubair has been targeted in the past due to this work. The recent treatment of Zubair based on a tweet published four years ago, is clearly punishment for his role in exposing senior members of the Bharatiya Janata Party.