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The public association Echo is human rights organisation, established in 1998, that promotes human rights, conducts analysis of legislation and public oversight of Kazakhstan state bodies activity, and contributes to citizens’ involvement in decision making. Echo has been conducting independent election monitoring for the last 20 years.


Human rights defenders (HRDs) in Kazakhstan are faced with physical and verbal threats, acts of intimidation, judicial harassment, and arbitrary detention; their work continues to be hindered by legislative obstacles that vastly infringe on the rights to freedom of association, assembly, and expression, as well as human rights monitoring and promotion.