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In 2008 the Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights, observed that Montenegro had taken many positive steps to upgrade its human rights legislation, but said that implementation remained weak.

More than a decade later, Montenegro is still failing to live up to its human rights obligations. Montenegro’s 2016 elections were conducted in a competitive environment, and the fundamental freedoms of voters were generally respected but problems remain, particularly regarding freedom of the press and corruption.

According to Reporters Without Borders, journalists in Montenegro continue to be harassed and threatened by government officials, they are pressured into revealing their sources by prosecutors, and their safety continues to be threatened.

Despite having made progress in strengthening its incomplete legislative framework around issues of political corruption, Montenegrin entities that supervise the implementation of laws are either not entirely independent or lack sufficient resources to sanction perpetrators.