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Murat Çelikkan convicted under false charges

Status: 
Released
About the situation

On 21 October 2017, human rights defender and journalist Murat Çelikkan was released on probation having served just over two months of an 18 month sentence.

About Murat Çelikkan

murat_celikkan.jpegMurat Çelikkan is a human rights defender and journalist who was one of the founders of several prominent human rights organisations in Turkey, including Human Rights Association, Amnesty International Turkey, and Citizens Assembly. Murat Çelikkan is currently the Co-Director of Hafıza Merkezi (Truth Justice Memory Center), an organisation that strives to bring to light impunity, past violations of human rights - especially cases of harassment against Kurds and Armenians - and support victims in obtaining justice. He also focuses on human rights education, the prevention of torture and the protection and promotion of the rights to freedom of assembly, expression, and the media, as well as refugee rights and peace building in relation to the Kurdish conflict in Turkey. He is a recent alumnus of the Columbia University Institute for the Study of Human Rights Alliance for Historical Dialogue and Accountability Program.

25 October 2017
Murat Çelikkan Released

On 21 October 2017, human rights defender and journalist Murat Çelikkan was released on probation having served just over two months of an 18 month sentence.

On 14 August 2017, the 18 month sentence against Murat Çelikkan was formally confirmed by the Court of Appeal of Turkey, which initially rejected his appeal on 20 June 2017. On 16 May 2017, the Istanbul 13th High Criminal Court sentenced Murat Çelikkan to 18 months’ imprisonment on false charges of involvement in terrorist propaganda under the Anti-Terror Law Article 7(2). These charges related to his participation in the “Editor-in-Chief on Watch” campaign launched on 3 May 2016 to protest a crackdown on the pro-Kurdish daily newspaper Özgür Gündem (Turkish for "Free Agenda").

The campaign was run for three months by 100 journalists, writers, activists, and actors who, in solidarity with Özgür Gündem and on a daily rotating basis, acted as its Editor-in-Chief. The newspaper was closed on 16 August 2016 through a statutory decree issued under the State of Emergency.

On 14 August 2017, Murat Çelikkan began serving his sentence at Kırklareli Prison. He was subsequently transferred to Kırklareli Open Prison on 14 October 2017. Following his transfer, his
attorneys submitted a motion requesting that he be released on probation, which was granted shortly thereafter.

While Front Line Defenders welcomes Murat Çelikkan’s release it condemns the continuing harassment and imprisonment of human rights defenders in Turkey as a result of their peaceful work in defence of the rights of others.

18 August 2017
Murat Çelikkan begins serving prison sentence

On 14 August 2017, human rights defender Murat Çelikkan presented himself to Kırklareli prison following Istanbul Regional Court’s rejection of his appeal. He had been sentenced on 16 May 2017 to 18 months’ imprisonment on false charges of involvement in terrorist propaganda following his participation in a campaign for press freedom in Turkey.

Murat Çelikkan is a human rights defender and journalist who is  a co-founder of several prominent human rights organisations in Turkey, including Human Rights Association, Amnesty International Turkey, and Citizens Assembly. Murat Çelikkan is currently the Co-Director of Hafıza Merkezi (Truth Justice Memory Center), an organisation that strives to bring to light impunity for past violations of human rights - especially cases of harassment against Kurds and Armenians - and support victims in obtaining justice. He also focuses on human rights education, the prevention of torture and the protection and promotion of the rights to freedom of assembly, expression, and the media, as well as refugee rights and peace building in relation to the Kurdish conflict in Turkey.

On 14 August 2017, Murat Çelikkan presented himself to the Kırklareli prison in order to begin serving an 18-month prison sentence on charges of "propagandising for a terrorist organization" under the Anti-Terror Law Article 7/2. After the Istanbul 13th Heavy Penal Court sentenced him on 16 May 2017, Murat Çelikkan appealed the decision to the Istanbul Regional Court. This appeal  was rejected on 20 June 2017. The Regional Court’s decision is final and is closed for further appeal.

Murat Çelikkan was convicted for his participation in the “Editor-in-Chief on Watch Campaign” launched on 3 May 2016 to protest a crackdown on the pro-Kurdish daily newspaper Özgür Gündem (Turkish for "Free Agenda"). The campaign was run for three months by 100 journalists, writers, activists, and actors who, in solidarity with Özgür Gündem and on a daily rotating basis, acted as its Editor-in-Chief. Of the 100 campaigners, 51 were investigated and 38 prosecuted. Murat Çelikkan is among the 18 activists who were sentenced for the same charges. Özgür Gündem was one of many media outlets shut down during Turkey’s state of emergency following the coup attempt in July 2016.

Front Line Defenders strongly condemns the conviction of human rights defender Murat Çelikkan, which it believes is solely motivated by his peaceful and legitimate work for human rights in Turkey, and reiterates its appeal for Turkish authorities to quash his conviction and immediately release the human rights defender.

9 June 2017
Murat Çelikkan convicted under false charges

On 6 June 2017, Murat Çelikkan’s attorney filed a plea before the Court of Appeal of Turkey against the decision to incarcerate the human rights defender for eighteen months issued by the Istanbul 13th Heavy Penal Court on 16 May 2017.

Download the Urgent Appeal (PDF)

On 16 May 2017, the Istanbul 13th Heavy Penal Court sentenced Murat Çelikkan to eighteen months’ imprisonment on false charges of involvement in terrorist propaganda under the Anti-Terror Law Article 7/2. Prior to that, on 13 June 2016, Murat Çelikkan was questioned by the prosecutor for his participation in the Editor-in-Chief on Watch Campaign launched on 3 May 2016 in protest against crackdowns on the pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem (Turkish for "Free Agenda").

Özgür Gündem is a daily newspaper covering news from the Kurdish region, including systematic violations of human rights there. It was one of the many media outlets shut down during Turkey’s state of emergency following the coup attempt. The editors of the daily are currently facing criminal prosecution.

The campaign was run for three months by 100 journalists, writers, activists, and actors who, in solidarity with Özgür Gündem and on a daily rotating basis, acted as its Editor-in-Chief. Of the 100 campaigners, 51 were investigated and 38 prosecuted. Murat Çelikkan is among the 18 activists who were sentenced for the same charges. The sentences of all 18 activists have been deferred, except for that of Murat Çelikkan. The defender’s lawyer reported that this was due to the fact that Murat Çelikkan was considered not to have shown enough remorse during the trials.

If the decision of the Istanbul 13th Heavy Penal Court is not reversed, Murat Çelikkan will face jail time. During the first hearings in relation to the case of the Editor-in-Chief on Watch Campaign, three of the attendees - the President of the Human Rights Foundation, Şebnem Korur Fincancı, the RSF Turkey representative journalist, Erol Önderoğlu, and the writer, Ahmet Nesin, were detained for 10 days.

Front Line Defenders condemns the conviction and sentencing of Murat Çelikkan, as it believes they are motivated by his peaceful and legitimate defence of human rights in Turkey.

Front Line Defenders urges the authorities in Turkey to:

1. Immediately drop all charges against Murat Çelikkan and quash his conviction;

2. Guarantee in all circumstances that all human rights defenders in Turkey are able to carry out their legitimate human rights activities without fear of reprisals and free of all restrictions, including judicial harassment.