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Mohamed Ibrahim detained

Status: 
Charged
About the situation

On 10 November 2020, the State Public Prosecutor accused human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim of being involved in case No. 885, and charged him with 'joining a terrorist group' for the second time.

On 27 October 2020, the Public Prosecution renewed the detention of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 45 days.

On 24 August 2020, the family of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was informed that Mr. Ibrahim had been transferred from Tora prison to Al-Aqrab prison; a maximum security detention centre, notorious for its inhumane conditions.

On 5 May 2020, the Criminal Court of Cairo renewed the detention of human rights defenders Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed El-Baqer, Ibrahim Ezz El-Din, and woman human rights defender Mahienour El-Masry for an additional 45 days.

On 18 November 2019, the Supreme Public Prosecution renewed the preventive detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days.

On 20 October 2019, the Supreme Public Prosecution renewed the preventive detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days.

On 8 October 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim appeared before the Supreme State Persecution and was ordered to undergo fifteen days of preventive detention.

On 21 September 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was detained when he reported to a local police station in Cairo to comply with his precautionary measures.

On 31 July 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was released from Tora Prison on precautionary measures, which oblige him to report to a police station twice a week.

About Mohamed Ibrahim

hrd_mohamed_ibrahim.pngMohamed Ibrahim is a blogger and YouTuber who runs a blog, Facebook page and YouTube channel called Oxygen Egypt where he publishes audio-visual and written reports on human rights issues and political and economic developments in Egypt. He also regularly interviews media personnel, members of the opposition and human rights defenders.

24 November 2020
Mohamed Ibrahim accused in case No. 855

On 10 November 2020, the State Public Prosecutor accused human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim of being involved in case No. 885, and charged him with 'joining a terrorist group' for the second time. This decision came one week after the Cairo Criminal Court granted the human rights defender release under precautionary measures on 3 November 2020.

On 21 September 2020, Mohamed Ibrahim disappeared after he reported to a local police station in Cairo in compliance with his precautionary measures at the time. On 8 October 2020, the human rights defender appeared before the Supreme State Persecution where he was accused of "membership of a terrorist organisation", "defamation", and "misuse of social media".

4 November 2020
Ill-treatment of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim

On 27 October 2020, the Public Prosecution renewed the detention of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 45 days. The lawyer of the human rights defender reported that he continues to be subjected to ill-treatment in prison; family visits have been denied since March 2020 and the prison administration refuses to provide him with medication.

Mohamed Ibrahim is a blogger and YouTuber who founded a blog, Facebook page and YouTube channel called Oxygen Egypt where, prior to his detention, he published audio-visual and written reports on human rights issues and political and economic developments in Egypt. He also regularly interviewed media personnel, members of the opposition and human rights defenders.

On 27 October 2020, the Public Prosecution renewed the preventive detention of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 45 days. The defender’s lawyer reported that no family visits have been allowed since March 2020, the prison administration has blocked the delivery of his medications and they refuse to allow his family to transfer money into his prison account for access to essential goods. His family are deeply concerned for the health and the well-being of the human rights defender. In August 2020, he was transferred to Al-Aqrab prison, a maximum security detention centre, notorious for its inhumane conditions. For a number of months after March 2020, detention renewal sessions for the human rights defender were held in absentia without the presence of the human rights defender or his lawyer, which is a violation of the Egyptian Criminal Procedures Law.

Mohamed Ibrahim has been in preventive detention since 23 September 2019. He was detained while reporting to a local police station in Cairo in compliance with his precautionary measures. His whereabouts remained unknown for 18 days. On 8 October 2019, the human rights defender appeared before the Supreme State Persecution, which handed down his first 15-day preventive detention. The human rights defender is facing charges of "membership of a terrorist organisation", "defamation", and "misuse of social media".

Front Line Defenders is deeply concerned about the ill-treatment of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim. Front Line Defenders believes that he is being detained and ill-treated solely as a result of his peaceful activities in the defence of human rights.

1 September 2020
Mohamed Ibrahim transferred to Al-Aqrab prison

On 24 August 2020, the family of human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was informed that Mr. Ibrahim had been transferred from Tora prison to Al-Aqrab prison; a maximum security detention centre, notorious for its inhumane conditions. Neither Mr. Ibrahim’s family nor lawyer were informed of the reasons for the transfer.

Mr. Mohamed Ibrahim’s preventive detention has been periodically renewed since shortly after his arrest in September 2019.

7 May 2020
Detention sentence of HRDs renewed in absentia

On 5 May 2020, the Criminal Court of Cairo renewed the detention of human rights defenders Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed El-Baqer, Ibrahim Ezz El-Din, and woman human rights defender Mahienour El-Masry for an additional 45 days.

The renewal session was held in absentia, without the human rights defenders or their lawyers present. The human rights defenders are being held in prison in inhumane conditions, placing them them at high risk in the context of COVID-19.

The decision to hold the renewal hearing without the presence, even by video link, of the human rights defenders or their lawyers due to COVID-19 restrictions is clearly an attempt to use such restrictions as a way to deny human rights defenders due process.

19 November 2019
Renewal of Mohamed Ibrahim’s preventive detention

On 18 November 2019, the Supreme Public Prosecution renewed the preventive detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days.

22 October 2019
Mohamed Ibrahim’s preventive detention renewed

On 20 October 2019, the Supreme Public Prosecution renewed the preventive detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days.

9 October 2019
Mohamed Ibrahim given fifteen days of preventive detention

On 8 October 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim appeared before the Supreme State Persecution, eighteen days after his sudden disappearance. Mohamed Ibrahim is facing charges of "membership of a terrorist organisation", "defamation", and "misuse of social media". The Supreme State Persecution has ordered him to undergo fifteen days of preventive detention.

 

23 September 2019
Mohamed Ibrahim detained for participating in demonstrations

On 21 September 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was detained when he reported to a local police station in Cairo to comply with his precautionary measures. He was transferred to the State Security Office. He was detained in connection to his participation in demonstrations calling for the resignation of Egyptian president Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.

2 August 2019
Human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim released

On 31 July 2019, human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim was released from Tora Prison on precautionary measures, which oblige him to report to a police station twice a week.

13 April 2018
Blogger and YouTuber Mohamed Ibrahim detained in unknown location

UPDATE: On 28 May, the State Security Prosecutor renewed the detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days pending an investigation.

UPDATE: On 29 April, the State Security Prosecutor renewed the detention of Mohamed Ibrahim for an additional 15 days pending investigation.

UPDATE: On 17 April, the State Security Prosecution in El-Tagamu El-Khamess in new Cairo ordered the 15-day detention of Mohamed Ibrahim pending an investigation on charges of 'publishing false news' and 'joining an illegal group'.

Blogger and YouTuber Mohamed Ibrahim, also known as Mohamed Oxygen, remains in detention in an unknown location since he was arrested on 6 April at his home in Maadi, Cairo.

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At 3AM on 6 April, members of the security forces arrested Mohamed Ibrahim at his home in Cairo’s Maadi neighbourhood and transferred him to an unknown location. The Egyptian authorities have given no reason for detaining the human rights defender and the Ministry of Interior is refusing to give his lawyer information about his whereabouts. Mohamed Ibrahim had posted materials on his blog and YouTube channel in March and early April on National Security’s involvement in torture and forced disappearances. He had also voiced criticisms relating to this year’s presidential elections.

Over the past year, Egyptian authorities have intensified their crackdown on online media and websites critical of the government. Since May 2017, the government has blocked more than 497 websites. Most are either media outlets or the websites of human rights NGOs.

Front Line Defenders is seriously concerned about the detention of blogger and human rights defender Mohamed Ibrahim and is deeply worried about his safety and physical well being. Front Line Defenders believes that his arrest and ongoing detention is an act of retaliation against Oxygen Egypt’s coverage of human rights issues and irregularities in recent Egyptian presidential elections.

Front Line Defenders urges the authorities in Egypt to:

1. Immediately and unconditionally release Mohamed Ibrahim, as Front Line Defenders believes that he is being held solely as a result of his legitimate and peaceful human rights work;

2. Disclose the whereabouts of Mohamed Ibrahim and allow him immediate and unfettered access to his family and his lawyers;

3. Ensure that Mohamed Ibrahim’s treatment, while in detention, adheres to the conditions set out in the 'Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment', adopted by UN General Assembly resolution 43/173 of 9 December 1988;

4. Take all necessary measures to guarantee the physical and psychological integrity and security of Mohamed Ibrahim;

5. Cease targeting all human rights defenders, journalists and bloggers in Egypt in all circumstances, so that they are able to carry out their legitimate human rights activities without fear of reprisals and free of all restrictions including judicial harassment.