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The Federación Nativa del Río Madre de Dios y Afluentes

FENAMAD

The Federación Nativa del Río Madre de Dios y Afluentes (FENAMAD) is a regional indigenous organisation that is a pioneer in the defence of human rights and the environment in the Madre de Dios region of Peru, which has articulated the demands of various social sectors and unions, with a view to implementing sustainable development models in the region. The organisation acts in various spaces to build public policies that respect the rights of indigenous peoples and makes communications to the authorities in order to alert them to any threat to human rights and to ensure their effective protection. They have presented peaceful proposals in the face of risks of rights violations through formal letters and pronouncements in order to draw attention to these problems.

While many human rights defenders (HRDs) can operate freely in Peru, those working on the environment, in particular on the environmental and human rights impact of the extractive industry, face harsh repression, including intimidation, smear campaigns, death threats, surveillance, and judicial harassment. Journalists and trade unionists have also been targeted.

A feature in Peru's economic situation is that its extractive industry has grown exponentially in the past decades. Human rights defenders and local communities have denounced the lack of consultation with indigenous communities in relation to mining projects, irregularities in the appropriation of communal land, as well as the consequences of mining on the environment and livelihood of local communities.