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Li Qiaochu allowed second meeting with lawyer

Status: 
Detained
About the situation

On 13 August 2021, the Linyi Municipal Procuratorate confirmed that the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau has sent the case against woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu for review by the prosecution. Under Chinese law, the procuratorate must make a decision on whether to prosecute the case within a month, and it may extend the deadline for another 15 days if the case is deemed “major” or “complicated”. It may also return the case back to the police for supplementary investigation.

It has been confirmed that the Linyi Municipal Procuratorate in Shandong province approved the formal arrest of woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu on 14 March 2021 for "inciting subversion of State power". She is currently detained at the Linyi Municipal Detention Centre. Her partner and fellow human rights defender Xu Zhiyong is also facing the same charge, and his case is also being  overseen by the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau.

On 19 February 2021, Li Qiaochu's lawyer formally requested that the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau grant them access to see the woman human rights defender. The lawyer was informed that Li Qiaochu is currently being held in quarantine at a local hospital and will be transferred to the Linyi Municipal Detention Centre once the quarantine is completed

On 6 February 2021, Beijing-based woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu was detained on suspicion of “subversion of State power” and taken to Linyi city in Shandong province, where her partner and human rights defender Xu Zhiyong is also detained and facing the same charge. Li Qiaochu’s detention follows her disclosure of Xu Zhiyong’s torture and her advocacy actions targeting the Linyi authorities.

About Li Qiaochu

Li Qiaochu (李翘楚) is a feminist, researcher, and human rights defender who has advocated for the rights for workers, migrants, women, and human rights defenders detained in China. After the Beijing authorities began to forcibly evict migrant workers from their residences in the winter of 2017, she along with other academics, civil society organisations, and volunteers collected and disseminated information to help the evicted migrant workers to secure new jobs and find affordable accommodation. Li Qiaochu also actively supported various #MeToo campaigns by compiling data, writing analyses, and posting them online.

16 September 2021
Li Qiaochu allowed second meeting with lawyer

On 10 September 2021, woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu was allowed a second meeting with her lawyer. She said her auditory hallucinations have reduced in severity after taking medicines, and that the side effects of the medication have also lessened.

Her lawyer plans to submit a new bail application after the two previous applications were rejected. The woman human rights defender is currently detained in the East Ward, reserved for detainees, at the Linyi Municipal People's Hospital.

9 September 2021
Police send Li Qiaochu's case to prosecutors for review

On 13 August 2021, the Linyi Municipal Procuratorate confirmed that the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau has sent the case against woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu for review by the prosecution. Under Chinese law, the procuratorate must make a decision on whether to prosecute the case within a month, and it may extend the deadline for another 15 days if the case is deemed “major” or “complicated”. It may also return the case back to the police for supplementary investigation.

On 27 August 2021, Li Qiaochu's lawyer was allowed to meet her. The woman human rights defender said she is suffering from severe auditory hallucinations, and is taking medication to treat the condition. However, she said there are side effects as she has gained weight and experienced amenorrhea for two months.

28 April 2021
Li Qiaochu formally arrested, denied access to legal counsel

It has been confirmed that the Linyi Municipal Procuratorate in Shandong province approved the formal arrest of woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu on 14 March 2021 for "inciting subversion of State power". She is currently detained at the Linyi Municipal Detention Centre. Her partner and fellow human rights defender Xu Zhiyong is also facing the same charge, and his case is also being  overseen by the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau.

The Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau denied two requests made in February and March by Li Qiaochu's lawyer to visit the woman human rights defender, and also rejected the lawyer's bail applications.

In defence of her partner Xu Zhiyong's rights, Li Qiaochu previously challenged the actions of the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau by filing an administrative review in August 2020, initiating an administrative lawsuit in October 2020, and filing a formal complaint against Li Dengquan, the head of the Linyi Public Security Bureau in early February 2021, days before she was taken into custody.

In light of these complaints made by Li Qiaochu against the Linyi police prior to her detention, her lawyer argued that the Linyi police have a conflict of interest in the case that could undermine their ability to fairly handle the investigations. Subsequently, the lawyer submitted a formal request on 14 April 2021, for Li Dengquan and all other police officers at the Linyi Public Security Bureau to recuse themselves from this case, in line with articles 29 and 31 of the Criminal Procedure Law. Article 29 requires adjudicators, procurators and investigators to recuse themselves from a case if they have, among other factors, "an interest in the case" or have "another relationship with a party in the case that might affect the just handling of the case." The lawyer also contested the legitimacy of the Linyi police's jurisdiction and authority to investigate Li Qiaochu, who is a resident of Beijing and was still under provisional release pending investigation by the Beijing public security bureau at the time of her detention in February 2021.

On 19 April 2021, the Linyi Municipal Procuratorate rejected the lawyer's request for recusal on the basis that the reasons provided do not meet the conditions for recusal as stipulated in the Criminal Procedure Law. The procuratorate did not provide further, more detailed legal reasoning for the decision. On 23 April 2021, the woman human rights defender's lawyer requested the Linyi procuratorate to review its decision on the recusal request.

25 February 2021
Li Qiaochu in quarantine in hospital

On 19 February 2021, Li Qiaochu's lawyer formally requested that the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau grant them access to see the woman human rights defender. The lawyer was informed that Li Qiaochu is currently being held in quarantine at a local hospital and will be transferred to the Linyi Municipal Detention Centre once the quarantine is completed. The Public Security Bureau has yet to respond to the lawyer's request, but said that it would guarantee Li Qiaochu's access to adequate food, warm clothing, and the medication she has requested.

9 February 2021
Woman Human rights defender Li Qiaochu detained

On 6 February 2021, Beijing-based woman human rights defender Li Qiaochu was detained on suspicion of “subversion of State power” and taken to Linyi city in Shandong province, where her partner and human rights defender Xu Zhiyong is also detained and facing the same charge. Li Qiaochu’s detention follows her disclosure of Xu Zhiyong’s torture and her advocacy actions targeting the Linyi authorities.

Download the urgent appeal.

Li Qiaochu (李翘楚) is a feminist, researcher, and human rights defender who has advocated for the rights for workers, migrants, women, and human rights defenders detained in China. After the Beijing authorities began to forcibly evict migrant workers from their residences in the winter of 2017, she along with other academics, civil society organisations, and volunteers collected and disseminated information to help the evicted migrant workers to secure new jobs and find affordable accommodation. Li Qiaochu also actively supported various #MeToo campaigns by compiling data, writing analyses, and posting them online. During the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020, she joined a team of volunteers to provide free masks to sanitation workers and help women experiencing domestic violence during the pandemic. After public security officers began to detain and target human rights defenders, including Xu Zhiyong, associated with a small, private gathering of activists that took place in December 2019 in Xiamen, Fujian province to discuss rule of law and reforms in China, Li Qiaochu started to campaign online for the release of these defenders facing reprisals from the authorities.

On 5 February 2021, Li Qiaochu tweeted that a police officer surnamed ‘Guo’ from the Haidian District in Beijing asked her to meet him for “a talk” near her residence at 3:00pm the following day. On the morning of 6 February, before meeting ‘Guo’ she tweeted details of torture and ill-treatment suffered by Xu Zhiyong during RSDL in 2020. She became uncontactable after the scheduled meeting with the police. Her parents were later taken to a police station and shown a detention notice indicating she is suspected of “subversion of State power”. The police informed her parents that public security officers have taken Li Qiaochu to Linyi in Shandong province, approximately 650 kilometres south of Beijing.

On 21 January 2021, lawyers were allowed to talk via a video-link to Xu Zhiyong, her partner, for the first time, who revealed that the Linshu County Detention Centre, where he is currently held, provides severely inadequate food, both in quantity and qualtiy. He receives only one steamed bun per meal, and as a result the human rights defender is constantly hungry. The detention centre also sells food and other daily products to detainees at prices that are three times higher than the market prices. Recently, another human rights defender, Ding Jiaxi, who is also detained at the same location as Xu Zhiyong, also disclosed details of torture under RSDL in Shandong in 2020 and the lack of adequate food in the Linshu County Detention Centre.

On 31 January 2021, Li Qiaochu filed a freedom of information request to the Detention Centre demanding they disclose information regarding the provision of food to detainees, including the criteria used by the Detention Centre for determining the food portion for detainees and prices of goods sold to them; the identity and contact information of officials responsible for such determination, procurement, and oversight; and the Detention Centre’s budget and expenditure on food for detainees. On 2 February 2021, Li Qiaochu lodged a complaint before the Shandong Provincial Department of Public Security against the Linyi Municipal Public Security Bureau and the Linshu County Detention Centre for reducing food as a form of punishment against Xu Zhiyong and for violating standards stipulated by national authorities concerning food portion for detainees and prices of goods sold to them.

On 16 February 2020, hours after her partner and human rights defender Xu Zhiyong was detained in southern China, Li Qiaochu herself disappeared and was later confirmed detained under “residential surveillance at a designated location” (RSDL), a form of enforced disappearance provided for by the Criminal Procedure Law where police have the power to detain someone in a secret location for up to six months without access to family or lawyer. In late 2020, she published a detailed account of her experience during four months of RSDL detention. Following her release from RSDL, local public security officers repeatedly summoned Li Qiaochu for questioning, accounts of which she also published on Twitter, and threantened her with detention if she continued to speak out online about Xu Zhiyong, who was also placed under RSLD in Shandong in 2020.

Front Line Defenders believes the harassment and latest detention of Li Qiaochu is a reprisal for her legitimate activities in defence of human rights, including the rights of other human rights defenders to freedom from torture and other ill-treatment.