Antécédents de l'affaire: Diego Martínez
Le 15 octobre 2015, des tracts contenant des menaces de mort contre des défenseur-ses des droits humains, dont Diego Martínez ont été distribués dans Bogotá, la capitale colombienne.
Diego Martínez est secrétaire exécutif du Comité Permanente para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos - CPDH (Comité permanent pour la défense des droits humains). Il est également membre du Comité de Impulso (Comité de direction) de l'organisation de défense des droits humains Movimiento Nacional de Víctimas de Crímenes del Estado - MOVICE (Mouvement national pour les victimes de crimes d'État).
On 15 October 2015 pamphlets with death threats against human rights defenders were circulating in Bogotá, Colombia. The pamphlets first appeared on 20 September and they are threatening with death a number of human rights defenders and organisations, including the Movimiento de Victimas de Crimenes de Estado – MOVICE (Movement of Victims of State Crimes). MOVICE is a human rights organisation which monitors human rights violations committed by the state in the context of the armed conflict and calls for state agents and paramilitaries to be brought to justice. MOVICE have suffered death threats for years, and some of these threats have been carried out. In January 2015, MOVICE member Mr Carlos Alberto Pedraza Salcedo was killed. The pamphlet, which first appeared on 20 September 2015, was written and stamped by a paramilitary group calling themselves "The Black Eagles” (Las Aguilas Negras) and was addressed to named individuals and human rights defenders, including members of the round-table for victims, the independent round table for women and various television channels, as well as Mr Diego Martínez, a member of the Comité Permanente por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos - CPDH (Permanent Committee for the Defence of Human Rights), Ms Ruby Castaño of the Asociación de Ayuda Solidaria – ANDAS (Association for Solidarity in Help). Members of MOVICE who were named include Claribeth Albor and Blanca Díaz of the Bogotá chapter, Adriana Cuellar and Ana Jimena Bautista. The pamphlet also signalled the Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo – CCAJAR (Lawyers' Collective José Alvear Restrepo) and the Yiri Castro legal firm as targets. The pamphlet states these human rights defenders are all supporters of the “traitor” President Santos and have supported him to hand the country over to narco-terrorists. The paramilitary group then goes on to threaten this group of human rights defenders, along with their families, with murder, stating they should be prepared to be cut into pieces. These pamphlets are the eighteenth of such kind which have been circulated so far this year, an issue which has been previously raised by Front Line Defenders. The distribution of these pamphlets comes in the context of long-term harassment and intimidation of members of MOVICE and other civil society organizations throughout Colombia. Human rights defenders in the country are constantly subjected to threats, intimidation, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearances, physical assaults, torture, killings, illegal searches of their homes and offices and stigmatisation as a result of their activities in defence of human rights. Furthermore, in late September Colombia's peace process reached a key moment, in which four main points were agreed by government officials and the FARC, including political participation of the FARC, the elimination of the drugs trade, land reform and transitional justice including amnesty for some
On 6 July 2013, human rights defenders Mr Diego Martínez and Mr Jeison Paba Reyes received a threat via e-mail claiming that they and their families had been declared “military targets”. Diego Martínez is the executive secretary of the Comité Permanente por la defensa de los Derechos Humanos - CPDH (Permanent Committee for the Defence of Human Rights) while Jeison Paba Reyes is a lawyer with the same organisation. Both are members of the Comité de Impulso (Directing Committee) of the human rights organisation Movimiento Nacional de Víctimas Crímenes del Estado - MOVICE (National Movement of Victims of the State). On 6 July 2013, at approximately 11:05 am, Diego Martinez and Jeison Paba Reyes received an e-mail from the address firstname.lastname@example.org, which was also sent to the CPDH and MOVICE accounts. In the e-mail the two human rights defenders were accused of waging “incessant subversive actions against the state and its institutions”, and of inciting the population against the state. It went on to say that, “we have decided to declare you military targets, in order to stop your criminal and terrorist activities. You pose as human rights defenders, you are no more than Bolivarian militias. (..) However much security the state provides you with, you will not escape our task to eradicate you.” The threat claimed that the human rights defenders' families would also be targeted.The threat was reportedly received at a time when Diego Martinez and Jeison Paba Reyes were accompanying a colleague from MOVICE at the 'Evento Internacional de Jóvenes por la Paz'('International Youth for Peace event') held in the community of La Macarena in the region of Meta which reportedly has a strong military presence. Reports indicate that unknown persons on motorcycles without license plates regularly circled the event. The hotel where international guests of the event were staying was allegedly approached by military personnel and instructed to provide personal details of their guests including their full names and personal identification numbers. The two human rights defenders have already been allocated security measures by the Interamerican Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) since May 2010, including body guards and bullet-proof vehicles. In 2012, Front Line Defenders provided a security grant to CPDH after its offices were raided by persons making threats to staff.