Human rights defenders in Georgia are often subjected to physical attacks, threats and insults, defamation, and slander. In most cases, these forms of intimidation are levelled against those who protect and promote the rights of migrants and members of national, religious, or sexual minorities, as well as those working on politically sensitive cases and in remote areas where they have almost no opportunities for protection.
Considering that there is no independent mechanism to investigate violations committed by law enforcement agents, attempts to investigate police misconduct against HRDs and civic activists are often in vain or fail to produce tangible results. The Georgian judicial system lacks transparency and the appointment of judges takes place without any publicly defined or distinct criteria. There is also insufficient control over the power of law enforcement agencies to conduct illegal surveillance and eavesdropping.
Georgian authorities often fail to ensure the protection and security of peaceful demonstrations, especially those conducted by workers, religious, and LGBTI rights organisations. In most cases when demonstrations are attacked by violent mobs or in cases of hate crimes, perpetrators are not held accountable by the authorities. The right to freedom of expression is often restricted in relation to independent mass media, which often become targets of oppression in response to their criticism of government policies.