International recognition of Kosovo's independence in 2008 has not changed the situation of human rights defenders (HRDs) in the country. Human rights defenders and journalist continue to be subjected to threats and intimidation. Ethnic tensions and politically motivated violence between Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians remained present and affect the work of HRDs.
There continue to be numerous reports of journalists being threatened and assaulted, including at the hands of political figures. Some of them were discouraged to file complaints against the perpetrators. There have also been reports of repeated violent attacks with explosive devices against journalists.
Anti-corruption organisations find themselves harassed by government authorities. Activists fighting for accountability for alleged crimes committed by personnel of the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK) have also faced harassment.