Huit défenseur-ses du droit à la terre accusés et arrêtés
Le 17 septembre 2020, les défenseurs-ses du droit à la terre Fred Mwawula, Ramu Ndahimana, Samuel Kusiima, Martin Munyansia, Martin Haweka, Amos Wafula, Eliot Talemwa et George Rwakabisha ont été inculpés de «menaces de violence» par le tribunal de première instance de Kiryandongo. S'ils sont accusés ils risquent jusqu'à 4 ans de prison. Les huit défenseur-ses sont toujours détenus dans la prison de Masindi, et leur première audience est fixée au 15 octobre.
Pamela Mulongo est une défenseuse du droit à la terre dans le district de Kiryandongo en Ouganda. Elle mobilise les communautés locales pour défendre leur droit à la terre, en particulier face aux expulsions forcées qui sont orchestrées par des entreprises privées, notamment Agilis Partners, Great Season Company Limited et Kiryandongo Sugar Limited, qui mettent en œuvre des projets agricoles dans la région.
On 17 September 2020, land rights defenders Fred Mwawula, Ramu Ndahimana, Samuel Kusiima, Martin Munyansia, Martin Haweka, Amos Wafula, Eliot Talemwa and Pamela Mulongo were charged with “threatening violence” by Kiryandongo Magistrate Court. If convicted, they could face up to four years imprisonment. The eight defenders remain in detention at Masindi Prison, with their first hearing scheduled for 15 October.
Fred Mwawula, Ramu Ndahimana, Samuel Kusiima, Martin Munyansia, Martin Haweka, Amos Wafula, Eliot Talemwa and Pamela Mulongo are land rights defenders from Kiryandongo district in Uganda. They mobilise local communities to defend their land rights particularly when facing forced evictions reportedly perpetrated by private companies including Agilis Partners, Great Season Company Limited and Kiryandongo Sugar Limited, which have been implementing farming projects in the area.
On 15 September 2020, the eight land rights defenders were arrested by Kiryandongo police while reporting to the police station as part of their bail requirements in an ongoing case against them. They were taken to Kiryandongo Magistrate Court on the same day but, after not being presented before a judge, were brought back to Kiryandongo police station. After two days in detention, on 17 September, the eight defenders were charged with “threatening violence” and transferred to Masindi Prison. Their first hearing is scheduled for 15 October 2020.
The defenders believe that the charges brought against them are linked to their previous arrest. On 4 September 2020, Fred Mwawula went to the office of Great Season Company Limited in Kiryandongo to ask for the return of his three goats, which the defender reported stolen by four employees of the company the day before. While attempting to speak with a representative of the company, he was arrested by police officers guarding the premises. His wife, who accompanied him, reported his arrest to local communities, after which several community members and land rights defenders arrived at the premises, where he was still being held, to peacefully demand his release. Police officers used tear gas and live ammunition to disperse the demonstration. Some were also beaten by police officers and company workers.
During the demonstration, police officers arrested the seven other land rights defenders and transferred them to Kiryandongo police station, along with Fred Mwawula. Pamela Mulongo reported being beaten on the stomach with batons by three police officers. She has subsequently had difficulty walking. She was denied medical care by authorities at the station who refuted her accusations and claimed she was lying about her pain, despite her visible injuries. The eight land rights defenders were released on bail on 8 September.
Land rights defenders Fred Mwawula, Erias Wanjala and Godfrey Ssebisolo were previously arrested from their homes on 25 February 2020 and charged with trespassing on private land. The defenders were released on bail on 12 March and on the same day, they reported that their houses, located in Kisalanda village, had been bulldozed by Great Season Company Limited. The defenders further reported that company agents made death threats against their families.
This was closely followed by several incidents where land rights defenders in Kiryandongo were subjected to harassment and beatings from workers of the three companies as well as arbitrary arrests. Some community members have accused workers of the three companies of sexual assault.
The land rights defenders believe their arrest and the charges brought against them form part of a pattern of reprisals for their work opposing forced evictions perpetrated by Agilis Partners, Great Season Company Limited and Kiryandongo Sugar Limited. Local communities have reported that over 35,000 families in Kiryandongo have been forcibly evicted from their land since 2019. These evictions have taken place without court orders, prior consultation or adequate compensation. Schools, churches and private health centres in Kiryandongo have allegedly been torn down, and community members have been subjected to harassment and intimidation by security agents and employees of the three companies. The affected communities have filed a complaint before the Masindi High Court, and in February 2020, communities’ lawyers filed a certificate of urgency, following an intensification of the violence used by the companies.
On 30 June 2020, seven lawyers and human rights defenders were arrested while they were preparing to close their submission for the hearing on the cases of evictions. They were charged with “disobeying lawful orders” and “negligent acts likely to spread infection of diseases”. They were released on bail on 2 July.
Front Line Defenders is deeply concerned about the charges brought against Fred Mwawula, Ramu Ndahimana, Samuel Kusiima, Martin Munyansia, Martin Haweka, Amos Wafula, Eliot Talemwa and Pamela Mulongo, and the pattern of harassment against all other land rights defenders in Kiryandongo district. Front Line Defenders believes that they are being targeted solely for their peaceful and legitimate work defending human rights in their communities.