Antécédents de l'affaire: Vahid Asghari
Vahid Asghari a été libéré de prison le 4 avril 2016.
Le défenseur des droits humains M. Vahid Asghari était placé en "détention provisoire" depuis le 8 mai 2008, lorsqu'il a été enlevé par un commando du corps des gardiens de la révolution islamique (CGRI) alors qu'il se rendait à l'aéroport international Imam Khomeini de Téhéran.
Vahid Asghari est un défenseur des droits des femmes qui offre un soutien en ligne gratuit aux défenseur-ses des droits humains et organisations en Iran.
Human rights defender Mr Vahid Asghari has been in “temporary detention” since 8 May 2008, when he was abducted by Islamic Republic Guard Corps (IRGC) commandos whilst travelling to Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport.
The IRGC commandos demanded that the human rights defender make a confession. When he refused he was transported to an apartment owned by the Iranian secret service. One commando loaded a Colt and put it to Vahid Asghari's head, as a way to terrorise him into confessing. He was additionally beaten for three days. Vahid Asghari was charged with hosting blasphemous websites. He was falsely accused of receiving $12 million from Google, technical support from the US-based company DreamHost, as well as a cheque from the US government through Citibank, on the basis of his acceptance by the University of Northern Iowa. Vahid Asghari was transferred by the IRGC to ward 2-A of Evin Prison.
Iranian media did not publicise additional accusations against Vahid Asghari before November 2014. These include propaganda against the Iranian regime; libel; management of the Shabtaz Human Rights News Agency; the creation of a dissident website; support for secular websites; the provision of financial and technical support to anti-regime websites; the creation of a national plan against censorship by the government; the provision of communication and technical assistance to the Persian BBC; the administration of more than 200 opposition websites; the establishment of an international campaign to promote gender equality; and online training for the Green Revolution of Iran.
The previous verdicts issued by the cleric judges at the Revolutionary Court have been cancelled and there has thus far not been a final verdict against Vahid Asghari. The human rights defender had been sentenced to death twice by the 15th Chamber of the Revolutionary Court. However, the Supreme Court of Iran overruled these verdicts in December 2014 on the basis that the death penalty verdict was invalid and libel accusation false. The commutation of his death sentence to 18 years imprisonment also remains unconfirmed.