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Munduruku Wakoborũn Women's Association

The Munduruku Wakoborũn Women's Association is based in the city of Jacareanga in the state of Pará. The Association is engaged in the defence of indigenous women and the Munduruku territory against megaprojects such as dams, waterways, railways, mining, forest concession (Flona Itaituba I and II and Flona Crepori), and invasion of loggers, which impact the lives of Munduruku women, men, and children.

The Munduruku Wakoborũn territory is located in Indigenous Land Munduruku and Indigenous Land Sai Cinza in southwestern Pará. In the Tapajós river basin, inside the Munduruku Indigenous Land, is located the Igarapé Baunilha, and one of its main tributary, the Cururu river, which guarantees the subsistence of the populations in the area. If destructed or damaged by mining, many villages in the region would be unable to sustain themselves.


The challenges and threats faced by human rights defenders in Brazil remain very high, particularly for those working on issues of land, environment, indigenous peoples, LGBTi rights, corruption and impunity. Many HRDs have experienced death threats, physical attacks, arbitrary arrests and lawsuits. The high number of killings is of particular concern and takes place against a background of widespread impunity.