On 6 July and 19 August 2011, human rights defender Mr Estinaldo Quispe Mego was found guilty and sentenced to two four-year prison terms charged with two counts of usurping public office in connection with two separate boundary disputes in which he acted as intermediary. Since his imprisonment on 6 July, Estinaldo Quispe Mego has received death threats from other prisoners, and his access to medication for his diabetes has been denied.
Estinaldo Quispe Mego is President of the Federación de Rondas Campesinas de Santa Cruz (Federation of Peasant Rounds of Santa Cruz). He advocates for the rights of communities affected by a mining project in Cabecara de Cuenca which is being conducted by Zanja Mining Company. The project is believed to threaten the economic, social, and environmental rights of the communities.
On 19 August 2011, Estinaldo Quispe Mego was sentenced by Judge Luis Enrique Alvarez Sáenz, who presides over the judicial district of Santa Cruz, in relation to charges of 'usurping public office' stemming from his intervention in a boundary dispute.