Front Line Country & Regional Reports

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 22nd Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Libya (May 2015)posted on: 2014/11/26

Libya witnessed dramatic changes over the last four years. Shortly after mass demonstrations erupted in Libya on 17 February 2011, the situation turned into an armed conflict between opposition and government forces.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 22nd Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Honduras (May 2015)posted on: 2014/11/26

Honduras is a particularly dangerous country for human rights defenders (HRDs). Human rights defenders and journalists work in a very tense, insecure and violent environment. Following the coup d'etat of 28 June 2009, the level of violence has increased dramatically: the country’s murder rate in 2012 was one of the highest in the world.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 22nd Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Belarus (May 2015)posted on: 2014/11/26

After the wave of violence that followed the presidential election of December 2010, the human rights situation in Belarus deteriorated, and remains poor four years after the crackdown. Human rights defenders (HRDs) are subjected to intimidation and harassment, including judicial harassment, restrictions on freedom of expression, association, assembly, movement as well as to arbitrary detention and ill-treatment.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 20th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in El Salvador (October - November 2014)posted on: 2014/11/26

Human rights defenders (HRDs) in El Salvador work in a continuously insecure environment. Despite El Salvador's dropping crime and murder rate since 2011, its levels of violence are still one of the highest in the world and, as a result, the country is a difficult and risky location for human rights work. HRDs operating in such an environment frequently face harassment, intimidation, threats, surveillance and arbitrary arrests and detention often based on fabricated evidence. The human rights defender community is regularly subjected to campaigns of defamation - they are labeled as 'traitors of the nation', 'terrorists' and 'subversive'. This tactic employed by the authorities is designed to discredit and undermine their work by isolating and marginalising them, making them a vulnerable target for abuse.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 20th session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Egypt (October - November 2014)posted on: 2014/08/22

The political changes in Egypt over the last four years have been dramatic. Sadly, there have continued to be serious human rights violations under each of the different Governments. There have been ongoing attacks and repressive measures against human rights defenders.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 20th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Angola (October - November 2014)posted on: 2014/11/26

The situation of human rights defenders in Angola remains fragile and these individuals continue to operate at significant personal risk in an atmosphere of tension, hostility, surveillance, judicial harassment, death threats, and in some cases abduction and killing.

2014 Front Line Defenders Annual Reportposted on: 2014/04/03

This report highlights developments in the situation of human rights defenders in 2013. It illustrates some of the main global and regional trends which emerged from Front Line Defenders’ work.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 18th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Cambodia (January - February 2013)posted on: 2013/06/24

Cambodia has ratified six out of the nine international human rights treaties, one of the best ratification records in South-east Asia. However, this record does not reflect the situation of human rights defenders (HRDs) on the ground. In recent years, Cambodian government has increased its policy of repression of HRDs. The authorities use legislation and the judicial system, and the threats of arrest or legal action, to restrict free speech, jail government critics, disperse workers, trade union representatives and farmers engaging in peaceful assemblies.

HRDs who work to promote and protect economic, social, and cultural rights are particularly targeted by the authorities. Trade union leaders have been subjected to arrest, physical violence, and judicial harassment. Community activists defending the right to housing and protesting against land grabs and forced evictions have faced fabricated charges and jail terms. Most of them are charged with offences such as damage to private property, incitement, robbery, assault and drug smuggling.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 18th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Vietnam (October 2013)posted on: 2013/06/21

Human rights defenders (HRDs) in Vietnam work in very challenging conditions. No significant change occurred since the last UPR review of Vietnam in May 2009. Between 2009 and 2013, Vietnamese HRDs and their families continued to be subjected to surveillance, intimidation, threats, interrogation, harassment, arbitrary arrest and detention, ill-treatment in prison, and bans on domestic and international travels.

Joint Submission by Front Line Defenders and the Yemen Organization for Defending Rights and Democratic Freedoms to the 18th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Yemen (October 2013)posted on: 2013/06/18

Front Line Defenders and the Yemen Organization for Defending Rights and Democratic Freedoms (Yemen Organization) are gravely concerned by the ongoing persecution of human rights defenders (HRDs) in Yemen. HRDs in the country have been subjected to harassment, threats, arbitrary arrest, threats of fabricated prosecutions, assaults, as well as restrictions to their right to freedom of expression, association and assembly.

2013 Annual Report on Global Trends for Human Rights Defenders Publishedposted on: 2013/06/21

On 23 January 2013 Front Line Defenders released its fourth Annual Report on Global Challenges facing Human Rights Defenders around the World in 2012.

Joint Submission by Front Line Defenders and the Adala Center for Human Rights to the 17th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in Saudi Arabia (October 2013)posted on: 2013/05/21

Front Line Defenders and the Adala Center for Human Rights are gravely concerned by the ongoing persecution of human rights defenders (HRDs) in Saudi Arabia. Human rights defenders, activists and individuals who criticise government policies or expression dissent or diverging opinion to those of the authorities are subjected to harassment, surveillance, arbitrary detention, smear campaigns, prolonged and unfair trials. Family members of HRDs are also targeted and subjected to intimidation and harassment at the hands of the authorities.

In March 2011, peaceful protests were met with arbitrary arrests and violent repression and the authorities subsequently banned public gatherings. Human rights defenders, democracy activists and critical voices rely on the Internet and online media for their work. Many of them have been arrested for expressing criticism of the regime.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 17th Session of the UPR regarsing the situation of HRDs in Mexico (October 2013)posted on: 2013/04/30

Human rights defenders (HRDs) and journalists in Mexico work in continuously violent and insecure environment, with the country consistently ranking as one of the most dangerous states in the world for those individuals and organisations actively engaging in the defence of human rights and freedom of expression.

Submission by Front Line Defenders to the 17th Session of United Nations Universal Periodic Review re situation of HRDs in Malaysia (October 2013)posted on: 2013/04/23

Human rights defenders (HRDs) in Malaysia continue to face many challenges, including in particular judicial harassment, smear campaigns, arbitrary arrest, threats and intimidations. Laws which are not in line with international human rights standards in relation to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association have also been used to hindering the legitimate work of human rights defenders.

Joint Submission by Front Line Defenders and the Chinese Urgent Action Working Group to the 17th Session of the UPR regarding the situation of HRDs in China (October 2013)posted on: 2013/04/16

Human rights defenders (HRDs) in China face severe restrictions on and punishment for their legitimate work in defence of human rights. Since China's last UPR examination in 2009, authorities have continued, and in certain cases increased, their repression of HRDs through legal and illegal means. In mid-2011 the Chinese government announced that it had successfully met all tasks and goals of the country's first National Human Rights Action Plan (2009-2010); a second plan was announced to cover the years 2012-2015. Despite this, HRDs have reported a reduced, rather than enlarged, space in which to work since the implementation of the plan.